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When incubating Ovarian Cysts

Goo health - Most of the women in this country, perhaps, not yet fully understand the function of the ovary (ovarian). In fact, the ovary is one of the "property" is important for women who must be kept and maintained as well as possible.

Each woman has two ovaries on the right and left. The size of a walnut. Ovarian function to produce an egg cell fertilized ovum alias, which is produced every month by women, from puberty until menopause.
Any disruption of the ovary can lead to poor growth, development, and maturity of the egg. Some disorders that often interfere with ovarian cysts ovarian disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and ovarian cancer. But, from all interruption, ovarian cyst disease most commonly affects women's ovaries.

Even so, no cyst is malignant disease. Therefore, ovarian cyst is a benign tumor, not cancer is dangerous. However, according to Mulyadi Tedjaprana, Clinical Director Medizone, Jakarta, women who have cysts need to watch its growth. Cysts may enlarge and spread to surrounding organs ovaries unwitting sufferer. "Cysts that become malignant can be enlarged without any complaints from sufferers," said Mulyadi.

Hormone deficiency

Women who have cysts detected on the ovaries usually produce pituitary hormones in the number of inappropriate. Deficiency of this hormone decrease the normal functioning ovaries. When conditions not normally functioning ovaries, can result in deviation of growth in the form of bags that grow inside the female genitals.

Cysts are fluid-filled bumps resembling bags, air, or pus in the ovaries. "The size 1-5 centimeters, depending on its type," says Martin Walean, RS Permata obstetrician mother.

Disease ovarian cyst consists of four kinds: functional cysts, dermoid, cyst chocolate (endometriosis), and the gland cyst (cystadenoma). Until now still not known exactly how the occurrence of cysts. Usually, the cysts grow very slowly and often occurs when women aged more ferocity than 45 years.
Of the four cyst, which most often shrink themselves along with the improving of hormonal balance is a functional cyst. Cysts of this type occur without symptoms. "Functional cysts can shrink in one to three months and are very rarely attacked both ovaries," said Mulyadi.

Another case with dermoid cysts that can occur on both ovaries. These cysts appear as a network in which unfertilized eggs transformed into such as hair, bone, or fat. This type of dermoid cyst can cause pain when twisted or broken.

Chocolate cyst occurs because the inner lining of the uterus that is usually released during menstruation attached to the outer wall of the ovary. As a result, there will be accumulation of menstrual blood continuously. This has led to a brown cyst. "These cysts cause pain during menstruation or sex," said Mulyadi.

The cyst originated from wrapping denoma ovary that grow into cysts. These cysts can attack the right and left ovaries, and cause incontinence. "It is easy to be a malignant cyst at the age of 45 years or less than 20 years," said Mulyadi.

Can grow in other organs

The disease is not only growing cyst on the ovary or ovaries of women, but also can grow in the lungs, intestines, and even in the brain. Cysts may also grow in the vagina and vulva area (the female external genitalia). Cysts that grow in the vaginal area, such as inclusion, Gartner's duct, endometriosis, and adenosis. The cysts that grow on the vulva area, among others, in Bartolini glands, sebaceous glands, and epidermal inclusion.

Unlike the cysts in other organs, cysts in the ovary or ovaries could disappear by itself. Based on the level of ferocity, the cyst is divided into two, namely non-neoplastic and neoplastic.

Non-neoplastic cysts are benign in nature and typically will deflate itself after 2-3 months. While the neoplastic cysts are generally required surgery, but depending on the size and nature.

Ovarian cysts may interfere with the reproductive process for the occurrence of pregnancy. If pregnancy occurs, these tumors can also interfere with pregnancy, such as miscarriage or hinder the baby to be born normal.

Since the colonial era

Or the historical track record of women in Indonesia who had suffered from cystic disorders have been recorded since the Dutch colonial era. Based on the record Eerland and Vos 1935, the frequency of types of dermoid ovarian cysts sufferers reach 3.8% of 451 ovarian tumors were examined in Nederlands-Indisch Cancer Institute in Bandung, West Java. "One of these cases have occurred in the 13-year-old girl," said Mulyadi, citing the note.

Martin Walean, obstetricians Permata Bunda Hospital, Jakarta, explained, now the trend for women in Indonesia who have a growing cyst. "This is because they are rarely checked or just control himself to the gynecologist," he said.

In fact, although the cyst diseases including benign disease, this disease has the potential to become malignant disease. And, if it had become such, should be taken seriously. Although not malignant, cysts if twisted will also result in pain is very sore. 

(Dikky Setiawan / Raymond Reynaldi)
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