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Eating Fasting Dates, Heart So Okay

Goo health - Fasting turns out to have health benefits, could be a therapy for healing of some degenerative diseases. Dates are commonly served during Ramadan contain nutrients that can prevent heart disease.
Fasting in Islam is the definition of abstinence measures, including eating, drinking, and sexual intercourse from time to time Imsak Iftar at sunset comes, with the intention of worship to Allah SWT. Fasting fard ayn (obligatory) applies to all Muslims who believe to be implemented during the month of Ramadan for 29 or 30 days.

From the aspect of nutrition, fasting at least will reduce the intake of nutrients, especially energy, about 20-30 percent. However, from the aspect of health, the health benefits of fasting turns against the body culprit. Even in developed countries, fasting as one of the efforts of therapy (fasting therapy) to cure several degenerative diseases.


Although research on the effects of fasting for health has not been done, some research shows health benefits of fasting, among others, can reduce the risk of stroke. Fasting also can improve blood cholesterol profiles, ie lower total cholesterol and bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol).


High blood cholesterol levels in the long run will clog the blood vessels in the form of atherosclerosis (calcification or hardening of the arteries). Atherosclerosis is a forerunner of the onset of cardiovascular disease (PCV), which is a disease associated with heart and blood vessels. When a blockage occurs in the brain causes a stroke and if there is in the heart area causing coronary heart disease (CHD).


The results showed that fasting can increase good cholesterol (HDL) cholesterol and lowering bad fats (LDL). This may be caused by changes in meal frequency from three times to two times a day, so that the intake of fat will decrease.


Triggers PKVCholesterol is synthesized in the liver (approximately 1,500 mg / day) and the rest is absorbed from food daily. As many as 75-80 percent of cholesterol in the human body is metabolized to cholic acid formation, which is important for digestion and absorption of fat.


Animal foodstuffs, such as fatty meats, organ meats, brains, eggs (especially the yolk), shellfish, and dairy products (cream, full milk, cheese, butter) contain high amounts of cholesterol per 100 gram, while the cholesterol content contained relatively low in fish.


Cholesterol is transported in the bloodstream in large molecules form a combined fat and protein called lipoproteins. There are several types of lipoproteins, but the most popular is the low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high density lipoprotein (HDL).


LDL and HDL in the body to work against. High LDL cholesterol levels may increase the risk of accumulated fat deposits in blood vessels, causing blockages, which in turn increases the risk of heart attack. That's why LDL cholesterol is called bad cholesterol (bad cholesterol). Conversely, increased levels of HDL cholesterol has a protective effect against heart disease. For this reason, HDL cholesterol is called good cholesterol (good cholesterol).


In the United States, approximately 1 in 500 people aged under 18 years old have high cholesterol, known as familial hyperlipidemia. Cholesterol levels can be increased to 300 mg/100 ml of blood or more.


This is why they are susceptible to heart attack or stroke at the age of 20 years. About 10 percent of children in the U.S. have total cholesterol levels exceeding 190 mg/100 ml of blood, a figure which is high for children.


Throughout the Year


In the menu open and the meal, do not forget to eat dates. Because, in addition to supplying energy, dates are also rich in nutrients such as potassium, magnesium, niacin, and fiber (dietary fiber), which is useful in a healthy heart and blood vessels.


Mineral potassium can contribute to make the heart beat regularly, activating muscle contractions, controlling water balance in tissues and cells, and helps regulate blood pressure. Some studies show that foods rich in potassium (potassium intake of at least 400 mg per day) can reduce the risk of stroke.


According to the study, foods that are healthy for the heart and blood vessels that contain the ratio of potassium (K) and sodium (Na) at least 5 to 1. In 100 grams of dates contained approximately 666 mg of potassium and sodium content is only 1 mg, so the ratio is 666:1.


Mineral magnesium helps nerve and muscle function, including the arrangements to remain normal heart rhythm. In 100 grams of dates contained approximately 34 mg of magnesium. Nutrient niacin (2.2 mg/100 grams of dates) helps release energy from food and keep the function of the skin, nerves, and digestive system to remain normal.


Niacin allegedly acts to prevent and fight heart disease. Dietary fiber (2.2 grams gram/100 dates) has been reported to lower blood cholesterol levels by inhibiting absorption of fat or cholesterol in the colon, so that blood cholesterol levels did not increase.


Dietary fiber has specific qualities that can cause physiological effects and influence on metabolism in the body. The properties in question is their solubility in water, water binding capacity (water holding capacity), and viscosity (ability to absorb organic matter and non-organic), as well as the degree of fermentation by gut microflora.


Dietary fiber is generally slows stomach emptying, increasing the residence time (transit time) of food in the gut so that prolong the feeling of fullness, and reduce the absorption of nutrients. This water-soluble properties associated also with high water binding capacity and viscosity of the fiber.


Because it has a high water holding capacity, water-soluble fiber (soluble dietary fiber) capable of forming a viscous mass in the stomach. This viscous mass of digestive enzymes and absorb or reduce contact between meals with these enzymes. Viscous mass was also detected by the stomach as food is not digested and therefore slowly removed from the hull.


The same thing happens in the small intestine, the large mass of fibers that are slowly released from the small intestine. However, the length of the transit time does not increase the absorption of nutrients by intestinal cells, whereas it decreased absorption. It happened because it meets most of the mass of the volume of the small intestine, thereby reducing the surface area of ​​contact between the nutrients in the intestinal wall and cause low levels of diffusion of nutrients. Given the magnitude of nutrient dates, we recommend the consumption of dates any time of year, not just during Ramadan.
Author: Prof. DR. Made Astawan, Lecturer in the Department of Food Technology and IPB
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